Gender Selection Cyprus

“Anchored by expert fertility specialists, the gender selection program at euroCARE IVF reveals advanced measures in reproductive medicine and illustrates the expanding footprint of premier IVF treatment options in North Cyprus.”

— euroCARE IVF

Gender Selection CyprusGender selection Cyprus is a medical procedure that allows parents to choose the sex of their baby.

The advances in the gender selection technologies not only increased the demand for gender selection but have also allowed IVF specialists in Cyprus to genetically assess embryos before transfer and to prevent genetic diseases in pre-born babies.

There are two types of gender selection:

  • Medical gender selection is done with the aim to prevent a genetic disease from being passed onto the child. This type of gender selection prevents sex-linked diseases that the male offspring inherits from their mother. In this case parents may want a girl rather than a boy.
  • Non-medical gender selection is done when the parents intentionally, without any medical reason, choose the gender of their baby. This is also known as family balancing, when one gender is already represented in the family while the other is desired.

Gender Selection Methods

PGS (Preimplantation Genetic Screening)

Preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) Cyprus is a genetic test performed on embryos during IVF Cyprus before transfer to the uterus. The test looks for chromosomal abnormalities in the embryos. Genetically normal embryos—those with the right number of chromosomes—increase the IVF success rates and decrease the chance of having a miscarriage.

PGS testing is usually done on day 5 embryos (blastocyst embryos) during IVF Cyprus. At this point, one or several cells will be taken from the embryos for analysis. During the procedure, the embryos will be safely frozen until the test results get available.

The extracted cells are screened in our state-of-the-art lab at euroCARE IVF Cyprus to see how many chromosomes are present. Based on the test results, embryos are graded and selected for implantation. Additional good embryos may be frozen and stored for future use.

Results will be available 7–10 days after the cell extraction.

Who should do PGS testing?

PGS testing is generally recommended for individuals and couples who are at risk of producing abnormal embryos. PGS applies for the following cases:

  • There is a family history of genetic disorders that can be passed on to the child
  • Woman after the age of 35
  • Multiple failed IVF cycles
  • You have experienced several pregnancy losses (recurrent miscarriage)

Does PGS improve the IVF success?

Numerous studies have shown that PGS testing increases the chance of IVF success. PGS has been proved successful in the following areas:

Successful implantation

Healthy embryos are more likely to implant to the uterine lining and be carried to full term.

A study showed that the overall implantation rate for blastomere and blastocyst was 41.7% and 63.9% respectively. Pregnancy rate per cycle was 43.2% and 49.6% respectively.

Recurrent miscarriage

It is estimated that nearly 80% of all miscarriages are caused by chromosomal abnormalities. PGS can reduce the risk of miscarriage by selecting only the healthiest embryo(s) for implantation.

Less IVF cycles

Many couples need multiple IVF cycles before they find success. PGS can help IVF specialists detect the causes of embryonic abnormalities or implantation failure, and to increase the chance of a successful pregnancy with IVF.

Multiple pregnancies

One of the most common risk associated with IVF is multiple births (twins, triplets, and so on). This happens because couples often choose to implant two or more embryos to increase the chance of implantation and pregnancy. PGS testing allows you to choose only the best embryo for transfer.

A study showed that PGS testing decreases multiple pregnancy by 86.6%.

Preimplantation genetic testing CANNOT detect the following types of disorders:

  • Single-gene disorders
  • Inherited disorders
  • Disorders that are caused by a combination of genes and the environment

PGS Cyprus Testing Accuracy

PGS tests are >97% accurate. Success rates of IVF with PGS reach 70%.

PGS Testing Risks in Cyprus

PGS testing is a delicate genetic test performed during embryo growth. The test requires technical expertise combined with cutting-edge technology to reduce the risks associated with the PGS testing at a minimum.

First, there is a small risk of damaging the embryo during the cell extraction. Second, it is possible that no embryo is free from chromosomal abnormalities due to advanced maternal age. Finally, there is a slight chance that the PGS test results will be inaccurate due to a state called mosaicism. Mosaicism is when two or more cells in one embryo have different numbers or arrangements of chromosomes.

Swim Up Method Gender Selection Cyprus

Sperm sorting is a gender selection method that is used to choose the gender (sex) of the embryo.  Besides family balancing, this technique is used to prevent certain genetic diseases from being passed on to the child.  Sperm sorting is performed before fertilization in IVF Cyprus to produce embryos of the desired sex.

Swim-Up Method

The sperm swim-up is a sperm sorting technique that removes any mucus and non-motile sperm in the semen. This technique promotes successful fertilization and reduces transmission of disease to the offspring.

Sperm sorting is used to prevent X-linked diseases such as hemophilia, Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, X-linked mental retardation that are expressed in the male offspring.

Sperm sorting also decreases the chance of HIV transmission in HIV-positive males, because the virus is present in the seminal fluid rather than the sperm.

Sperm Separation

Swim-up is one of the most commonly used techniques for sperm preparation. It is a simple and relatively inexpensive method for gender selection during IVF Cyprus.

The sperm separation process is as follows:

Liquefied semen is carefully layered at the bottom of the conical centrifuge tube containing the sperm wash medium. The tube is slightly spun, then placed at an angle of 45° and incubated for 60 minutes. Active, motile sperm move out of the sample into the clear medium which is then carefully extracted.

The swim-up method is slightly different for oligozoospermic men. Direct swim-up is the simplest and fastest method for separating sperm by migration. Round-bottom tubes are used for direct swim-up to maximize the surface area between the semen and medium. Multiple small tubes are spun and incubated at 34.5°C.

The only disadvantage of the sperm up method is that the amount of motile spermatozoa retrieved is relatively low. Only 5–10% of the sperm cells will be retrieved during the sperm separation process.

Why Choose Gender Selection in North Cyprus

Major Scientific advancements have led to an improved understanding of IVF treatments and progressive techniques. The newest and most astonishing trend in North Cyrus involves the evolution of reproductive medicine to conceive a child of a desired gender.

Gender selection is an attractive option for intended parents at euroCARE IVF Center in Cyprus. Utilizing high-tech methods for gender selection in Cyprus, expert IVF specialists are seeing record number of patients for gender selection involving ― PGS and MicroSort Alternatives.

The UK allows the use of PGD for detecting gender abnormalities but not for gender selection. In fact, UK citizens wanting PGD for gender selection frequently travel to Cyprus to undergo IVF treatment for family balancing options. Traveling to Cyprus for Gender selection is appealing due to the accurateness and safety of treatment.

Why are couples seeking Gender Selection in North Cyprus?

Intended parents may choose gender selection for the following reasons:

  • Family balancing to include children of both sexes
  • To prevent passing on a genetic trait related to a specific gender
  • Fulfill a preference for children of one sex
  • Due to economic, cultural or social reasons

IVF Clinics in Cyprus

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Resources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sex_selection

https://www.centerforhumanreprod.com/services/infertility-treatments/genderselection/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sex_selection

https://www.centerforhumanreprod.com/services/infertility-treatments/genderselection/methods/

https://www.fertstert.org/article/S0015-0282(16)61852-6/pdf

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/sperm-sorting

https://www.docshop.com/education/fertility/treatments/sperm-sorting

http://americanradioworks.publicradio.org/features/evading_virus/howworks.html

https://academic.oup.com/humrep/article/16/9/1950/2915897